a group calling itself AfD Faktion Armee has sent threatening letters to former AfD members. the AfD was founded by bernd lucke, a professor of macroeconomics at the university of hamburg. lucke founded the party during the height of the financial bailouts of the PIGS (portugal, ireland, greece, spain) as an anti-Euro party–as in the currency, not as in the EU. in 2014 the party enter the european parliament. in 2015 at a party conference in which frauke petry was elected as the new chairman of the party, lucke split with the party–sighting its move toward the far right and its embrace of anti-immigrant and xenophobic rhetoric and the pegida movement. lucke has sense launceh ALFA (allianu für Fortschritt und Aufbruch).